# Mathematics

## Easy as Pi: The Countless Ways We Use Numbers Every Day

Sert KapakHave you ever wondered what makes "seventh heaven" and "cloud nine" so blissful and the number 13 so unlucky? Here's the "4-1-1" on the origins of numerical expressions and the importance of numbers in fiction, film, culture, and religion, including: How 007 became James Bond's number Imaginary numbers and how they exist How the binary system manages to say so much with only two numbers That bedding has nothing to do with being "three sheets to the wind" The burning literary question: Why did Ray Bradbury name his novel Fahrenheit 451? Which block of Social Security numbers will never be assigned to anyone With Easy as Pi, you'll soon impress your friends with your knowledge of numbers--even if you're math averse. Make this and all of the Blackboard Books(tm) a permanent fixture on your shelf, and you'll have instant access to a breadth of knowledge. Whether you need homework help or want to win that trivia game, this series is the trusted source for fun facts.29,50 TL33,91 TL## Pythagoras' Revenge: A Mathematical Mystery

Sert KapakThe celebrated mathematician and philosopher Pythagoras left no writings. But what if he had and the manuscript was never found? Where would it be located? And what information would it reveal? These questions are the inspiration for the mathematical mystery novel Pythagoras' Revenge. Suspenseful and instructive, Pythagoras' Revenge weaves fact, fiction, mathematics, computer science, and ancient history into a surprising and sophisticated thriller. The intrigue begins when Jule Davidson, a young American mathematician who trolls the internet for difficult math riddles and stumbles upon a neo-Pythagorean sect searching for the promised reincarnation of Pythagoras. Across the ocean, Elmer Galway, a professor of classical history at Oxford, discovers an Arabic manuscript hinting at the existence of an ancient scroll--possibly left by Pythagoras himself. Unknown to one another, Jule and Elmer each have information that the other requires and, as they race to solve the philosophical and mathematical puzzles set before them, their paths ultimately collide. Set in 1998 with flashbacks to classical Greece, Pythagoras' Revenge investigates the confrontation between opposing views of mathematics and reality, and explores ideas from both early and cutting-edge mathematics. From academic Oxford to suburban Chicago and historic Rome, Pythagoras' Revenge is a sophisticated thriller that will grip readers from beginning to surprising end.24,79 TL53,89 TL## Derivation and Integration (Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics)

Sert KapakThis book, devoted to an invariant multidimensional process of recovering a function from its derivative, considers additive functions defined on the family of all bounded BV sets that are continuous with respect to a suitable topology. The main applications are related to the Gauss-Green and Stokes theorems. The book contains complete and detailed proofs of all new results, and of many known results for which the references are not easily available. It will provide valuable information to research mathematicians and advanced graduate students interested in geometric integration and related areas.51,39 TL233,60 TL## Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)

Historians of mathematics have devoted considerable attention to Isaac Newton's work on algebra, series, fluxions, quadratures, and geometry. In Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method, Niccolò Guicciardini examines a critical aspect of Newton's work that has not been tightly connected to Newton's actual practice: his philosophy of mathematics. Newton aimed to inject certainty into natural philosophy by deploying mathematical reasoning (titling his main work The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy most probably to highlight a stark contrast to Descartes's Principles of Philosophy). To that end he paid concerted attention to method, particularly in relation to the issue of certainty, participating in contemporary debates on the subject and elaborating his own answers. Guicciardini shows how Newton carefully positioned himself against two giants in the "common" and "new" analysis, Descartes and Leibniz. Although his work was in many ways disconnected from the traditions of Greek geometry, Newton portrayed himself as antiquity's legitimate heir, thereby distancing himself from the moderns. Guicciardini reconstructs Newton's own method by extracting it from his concrete practice and not solely by examining his broader statements about such matters. He examines the full range of Newton's works, from his early treatises on series and fluxions to the late writings, which were produced in direct opposition to Leibniz. The complex interactions between Newton's understanding of method and his mathematical work then reveal themselves through Guicciardini's careful analysis of selected examples. Isaac Newton on Mathematical Certainty and Method uncovers what mathematics was for Newton, and what being a mathematician meant to him.55,02 TL131,00 TL## Applied Combinatorics on Words (Encyclopedia of Mathematics and its Applications)

Sert KapakA series of important applications of combinatorics on words has emerged with the development of computerized text and string processing. The aim of this volume, the third in a trilogy, is to present a unified treatment of some of the major fields of applications. After an introduction that sets the scene and gathers together the basic facts, there follow chapters in which applications are considered in detail. The areas covered include core algorithms for text processing, natural language processing, speech processing, bioinformatics, and areas of applied mathematics such as combinatorial enumeration and fractal analysis. No special prerequisites are needed, and no familiarity with the application areas or with the material covered by the previous volumes is required. The breadth of application, combined with the inclusion of problems and algorithms and a complete bibliography will make this book ideal for graduate students and professionals in mathematics, computer science, biology and linguistics.75,51 TL164,16 TL## Hilbert's Tenth Problem: Diophantine Classes and Extensions to Global Fields (New Mathematical Monographs)

Sert KapakIn the late sixties Matiyasevich, building on the work of Davis, Putnam and Robinson, showed that there was no algorithm to determine whether a polynomial equation in several variables and with integer coefficients has integer solutions. Hilbert gave finding such an algorithm as problem number ten on a list he presented at an international congress of mathematicians in 1900. Thus the problem, which has become known as Hilbert's Tenth Problem, was shown to be unsolvable. This book presents an account of results extending Hilbert's Tenth Problem to integrally closed subrings of global fields including, in the function field case, the fields themselves. While written from the point of view of Algebraic Number Theory, the book includes chapters on Mazur's conjectures on topology of rational points and Poonen's elliptic curve method for constructing a Diophatine model of rational integers over a 'very large' subring of the field of rational numbers.74,61 TL339,12 TL## Java Gems: Jewels from Java Report (SIGS Reference Library)

Karton KapakThe support of Java Report by the pioneers of the language has always made it the source for Java development. From the very beginnings of Java, Java Report was there, examining each new aspect of the language with a clear independent eye. Now, Dwight Deugo, the editor of Java Report, has gathered the most important articles from the first year of the magazine. Written by a savvy Who's Who of industry experts, Java Gems covers today's most important aspects of Java development. Top writers and developers walk you through the topic areas that are essential to today's Java developers, including multitasking, design patterns, class libraries, persistence, distributed computing, and Java vs C++.32,66 TL120,96 TL## Pedagogy and the Practice of Science: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives (Inside Technology)

Sert KapakPedagogy and the Practice of Science provides the first sustained examination of how scientists' and engineers' training shapes their research and careers. The wide-ranging essays move pedagogy to the center of science studies, asking where questions of scientists' training should fit into our studies of the history, sociology, and anthropology of science. Chapter authors examine the deep interrelations among training, learning, and research and consider how the form of scientific training affects the content of science. They investigate types of training -- in cultural and political settings as varied as Victorian Britain, interwar Japan, Stalinist Russia, and Cold War America -- and the resulting scientific practices. The fields they examine span the modern physical sciences, ranging from theoretical physics to electrical engineering and from nuclear weapons science to quantum chemistry.The studies look both at how skills and practices can be transferred to scientists-in-training and at the way values and behaviors are passed on from one generation of scientists to the next. They address such topics as the interplay of techniques and changing research strategies, pedagogical controversies over what constitutes "appropriate" or "effective," the textbook as a genre for expressing scientific creativity, and the moral and social choices that are embodied in the training of new scientists. The essays thus highlight the simultaneous crafting of scientific practices and of the practitioners who put them to work.25,27 TL97,20 TL## Unknown Quantity : A Real and Imagined History of Algebra

Sert KapakHardcover: 382 pages Publisher: Atlantic Books; New Ed edition (2007) Language: English ISBN-10: 1843545691 ISBN-13: 978-1843545699 Product Dimensions: 9.1 x 6.5 x 1.6 inches Shipping Weight: 1.7 pounds50,70 TL51,73 TL## Lévy Processes in Lie Groups (Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics)

Sert KapakThe theory of Lévy processes in Lie groups is not merely an extension of the theory of Lévy processes in Euclidean spaces. Because of the unique structures possessed by non-commutative Lie groups, these processes exhibit certain interesting limiting properties which are not present for their counterparts in Euclidean spaces. This work provides an introduction to Lévy processes in general Lie groups, the limiting properties of Lévy processes in semi-simple Lie groups of non-compact type and the dynamical behavior of such processes as stochastic flows on certain homogeneous spaces.52,62 TL181,44 TL## The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Karton KapakIn this highly readable study, one of the great pioneers of modern science examines how people and animals display varieties of emotions via their facial expressions. British naturalist Charles Darwin--who expounded the theory of evolution by natural selection, the principle that launched a scientific revolution—based this survey on his personal observations. Most of his findings were proven by later research, and today's behavioral scientists continue to draw upon this work for both knowledge and inspiration.A bestseller when it was first published in 1872, Darwin's inquiry addresses issues related to human origins and psychology in terms of evolutionary values. His methods include the study of facial expressions in infants and children, the insane, animals, painting and sculpture, and among people in different cultures. Also notable is the fact that this is one of the first books to employ photographs in the interests of science. Abounding in anecdotes and literary quotations, the work offers a direct approach that makes it accessible to professionals and amateurs alike—in fact, to anyone with an inquiring mind.Temin Edilemiyor## An Introduction to Many-Valued and Fuzzy Logic: Semantics, Algebras, and Derivation Systems

Karton KapakThis volume is an accessible introduction to the subject of many-valued and fuzzy logic suitable for use in relevant advanced undergraduate and graduate courses. The text opens with a discussion of the philosophical issues that give rise to fuzzy logic - problems arising from vague language - and returns to those issues as logical systems are presented. For historical and pedagogical reasons, three-valued logical systems are presented as useful intermediate systems for studying the principles and theory behind fuzzy logic.Temin Edilemiyor## Mathematical Modeling: Case Studies from Industry

Sert KapakIndustrial Mathematics is growing enormously in popularity around the world. This book deals with real industrial problems from real industries. Presented as a series of case studies by some of the world's most active and successful industrial mathematicians, this volume shows clearly how the process of mathematical collaboration with industry can not only work successfully for the industrial partner, but also lead to interesting and important mathematics. The book begins with a brief introduction, where the equations that most of the studies are based upon are summarized. Thirteen different problems are then considered, ranging from the cooking of cereal to the analysis of epidemic waves in animal populations. Throughout the work the emphasis is on telling industry what they really want to know. This book is suitable for all final year undergraduates, master's students, and Ph.D. students who are working on practical mathematical modeling.Temin Edilemiyor## One, Two, Three: Absolutely Elementary Mathematics

From the acclaimed author of A Tour of the Calculus and The Advent of the Algorithm, here is a riveting look at mathematics that reveals a hidden world in some of its most fundamental concepts. In his latest foray into mathematics, David Berlinski takes on the simplest questions that can be asked: What is a number? How do addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division actually work? What are geometry and logic? As he delves into these subjects, he discovers and lucidly describes the beauty and complexity behind their seemingly simple exteriors, making clear how and why these mercurial, often slippery concepts are essential to who we are. Filled with illuminating historical anecdotes and asides on some of the most fascinating mathematicians through the ages, One, Two, Three is a captivating exploration of the foundation of mathematics: how it originated, who thought of it, and why it matters.Temin Edilemiyor## Handbook of Logic and Language

Sert KapakThe combined study of logic and language goes back at least as far as the Middle Ages. In the last twenty-five years it has gained momentum with the formulation of Montague semantics and Generative Syntax, and the subsequent diversification of research programs.The Handbook of Logic and Language is the first comprehensive survey of the field. The twenty chapters show both sides of the interaction between logic and language: how logical systems are designed and modified in response to linguistic needs, and how mathematical theory arises out of this process and affects subsequent linguistic theory.Contributors : N. Asher, D. Beaver, W. Buszkowski, D. de Jongh, J. E. Fenstad, J. Groenendijk, H. Hendriks, J. Higginbotham, J. Hintikka, T. M. V. Janssen, H. Kamp, E. J. Keenan, J. T. Lønning, E. Martin, M. J. Moortgat, L. S. Moss, R. Muskens, D. Osherson, B. H. Partee, F. J. Pelletier, W. C. Rounds, G. Sandu, J. Seligman, M. Steedman, M. Stokhof, R. H. Thomason, R. Turner, J. van Benthem, J. van Eijck, A. Visser, D. WesterståhlTemin Edilemiyor