67 öğeden 1-16 arası gösteriliyor.
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  • Eli Heckscher, International Trade, and Economic History

    Karton Kapak
    Eli Heckscher (1879-1952) is celebrated for his contributions to international trade theory, particularly the factor proportions theory of comparative advantage in international trade known as the Heckscher-Ohlin theory. His work in both economic theory and economic history is notable for combining theoretical insights with a profound knowledge of economic history and the history of economic thought. In this volume, leading international economists assess the importance of Heckscher's work and its relevance to the contemporary practice of economic history.The contributors first discuss Heckscher's efforts to forge the discipline of economic history by combining both the historian's careful evaluation of sources and the economist's rigorous models. The Heckscher-Ohlin theory of factor proportions is described and tested empirically. Contributors then apply the theory to historical material, including Mediterranean trade in Biblical times, the economic effects of two periods of plague eight centuries apart, and tariff policy in 35 countries from 1870 to 1938. Heckscher's masterly work on mercantilism, the Continental Blockade, and Swedish economic history is also described and appraised in light of recent historical research.Contributors:Benny Carlson, François Crouzet, Lance E. Davis, Stanley L. Engerman, Ronald Findlay, Harry Flam, Rolf G. H. Henriksson, Eva, Einar, Ivar, and Sten Heckscher, Douglas A. Irwin, Ronald W. Jones, Deepak Lal, Håkan Lindgren, Mats Lundahl, Lars Magnusson, Joel Mokyr, Mats Morell, Patrick O'Brien, Kevin H. O'Rourke, Bo Sandelin, Lennart Schön, Johan Söderberg, Peter Temin, Jeffrey G. Williamson
    36,29  TL113,40  TL
  • Bargaining on Europe (Britain and the First Common Market, 1860-92)

    Sert Kapak
    The British experience of founding and then distancing itself from the first common market in the Victorian age is barely remembered while the second is being established. But there are many resonances with the modern European experience, in particular, membership of the European Monetary Union., The British experience of founding and then distancing itself from the first common market in the Victorian age is barely remembered while the second is being established. But there are many resonances with the modern European experience, in particular, membership of the European Monetary Union., Peter Marsh is the author of "Joseph Chamberlin: Entrepreneur in Politics".
    140,14  TL182,00  TL
  • British and American Commercial Relations With Soviet Russia, 1918-1924

    Sert Kapak
    White reassesses Anglo-American trade with Soviet Russia immediately following the Bolshevik Revolution to show that, unlike diplomatic relations, commercial ties were not severed by ideological differences. She argues that British and American trade with Russia resumed soon after the Bolsheviks' rise to power and that this period of trade had a significant effect on future commerce.
    26,67  TL95,25  TL
  • Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: An Essay on Financial Globalisation and Fragility (The Henry L. Stimson Lectures Series)

    In this book an eminent international banking expert grapples with issues that surround the trend toward financial globalization and its potential impact on financial fragility. Does globalization entail the risk of greater financial market instability -- perhaps even genuine systemic fragility -- or will it lead to a smoother working of markets? How should governments, central banks, and international institutions respond to manifestations of financial fragility?Alexandre Lamfalussy analyzes four major crisis experiences in emerging markets: Latin America in 1982-83, Mexico in 1994-95, East Asia in 1997-98, and Russia since 1998. The author finds that the build-up of short-term indebtedness and asset price bubbles were at the heart of the four crises. And in each case the exuberant behavior of lenders and investors from the developed world played a major role, while financial globalization was an aggravating factor. Lamfalussy offers a series of carefully considered policy recommendations for the future that are both pragmatic and wise.
    66,36  TL86,18  TL
  • Architectures for Agreement: Addressing Global Climate Change in the Post-Kyoto World

    Sert Kapak
    With increasing greenhouse gas emissions, we are embarked on an unprecedented experiment with an uncertain outcome for the future of the planet. The Kyoto Protocol serves as an initial step through 2012 to mitigate the threats posed by global climate change but policy-makers, scholars, businessmen, and environmentalists have begun debating the structure of the successor to the Kyoto agreement. Written by a team of leading scholars in economics, law and international relations, this book contributes to this debate by examining the merits of six alternative international architectures for climate policy.
    26,78  TL267,84  TL
  • Forging Reform in China: The Fate of State-Owned Industry (Cambridge Modern China Series)

    Sert Kapak
    The greatest economic challenge facing China in the post-Deng era is the reform of unprofitable, state-owned enterprises that have never truly been forced to face the pressure of a bottom line or the threat of bankruptcy. Forging Reform in China explains how and why well-intentioned, market-oriented reform measures have not been sweepingly successful to date, and what it would take to achieve meaningful reform. This book makes a compelling argument that private ownership cannot work in China's current system until governance over complex economic factors has been established, that is, until credit is tightened and market selection processes made to work.
    22,46  TL224,64  TL
  • Rationality, Nationalism and Post-Communist Market Transformation: A Comparative Analysis of Belarus, Poland and the Baltic States

    Sert Kapak
    A comparative analysis of market transformation in Poland, Belarus and the Baltic states with particular emphasis on cross-national variations in speed and direction of post-Communist economic reforms. While many studies tend to concentrate on the economic aspects of market reforms, analysis of the broader institutional framework is less common. This book, therefore, focuses on the influence of historical and cultural conditions on the formation of economic policy. The findings presented indicate that, far from being a purely rational process driven exclusively by considerations of economical efficiency, post-Communist market transformation is influenced by socio-political and cultural factors which are able to account for cross-national variations in speed and direction of reforms.
    27,20  TL226,69  TL
  • The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries (Rodolfo DeBenedetti Lectures)

    Sert Kapak
    This book is about how much people earn and why the distribution of earnings has been changing over time. The gap between the top and bottom in the United States has widened significantly since 1980. Why has this happened? Is it due to new technologies? What is the role of globalization? Are there historical precedents?The book begins with the "race" between technology and education, and shows that continuing technical progress does not necessarily imply a continuing rise in dispersion. It then examines the experience of 20 OECD countries over the twentieth century, material presented in the form of 20 country case studies. The book breaks new ground in assembling data on the distribution of individual earnings covering much of the twentieth century and drawing on a variety of under-exploited sources.The findings overturn a number of widely-held beliefs. It is not the earnings of the low paid that have been most affected by the recent changes; widening is largely due to what is happening at the top. The recent rise in earnings dispersion is not unprecedented, but should be seen as part of a longer-run history of successive compression and expansion of earnings differences.
    36,17  TL124,74  TL
  • Measuring the Tax Burden on Capital and Labor (CESifo Seminar Series)

    Sert Kapak
    Today's highly complicated tax codes have led economists and policy makers depend on simplified summary measures in order to understand how taxes affect the economy. Studies of the effective tax rate--that is, a measurement of the net amount of tax levied on certain economic activities--provide this sort of descriptive summary. Using estimates of effective tax rates, economists can look for evidence of economic behavior under different tax laws and policy makers can evaluate whether the net outcome is in accord with their intentions. Globalization, with its accompanying international mobility of capital and labor, has created a new use for estimates of the effective tax rate as policy makers seek to compare tax burdens in one country with those in another.This book provides an overview of the most important methods currently used to measure effective tax rates, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of the different approaches and illustrating their use with specific case studies. The contributors, all noted international economists and seasoned policy makers, consider such topics as a new method to measure the effective tax rate on investment, the tax burden on cross-border investment, effective tax rates on human capital, the "Taxing Wages" approach, and measurement at the macro and micro levels.
    36,74  TL102,06  TL
  • Economic Theory and Global Warming

    Karton Kapak
    Hirofumi Uzawa's theoretical framework addresses three major problems concerning global warming and other environmental hazards. First, it considers all phenomena involved with global environmental issues that exhibit externalities of one kind or another. Secondly, it covers global environmental issues involving international and intergenerational equity and justice. Lastly, it deals with global environmental issues concerning the management of the atmosphere, the oceans, water, soil, and other natural resources having to be decided by a consensus of affected countries.
    37,31  TL77,74  TL
  • Informal Finance in China: American and Chinese Perspectives

    Sert Kapak
    Informal finance consists of nonbank financing activities, whether conducted through family and friends, local money houses, or other types of financial associations. It has provided much-needed financing to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in particular, in the face of a tightly constrained and overburdened formal banking system. Unable to obtain a bank loan, firms have relied upon individuals and informal organizations outside of the banking system to obtain financing for their ventures or working capital (operating funds). Presently there is a scarcity of information on informal finance in China and it is expected to have a significant impact upon GDP and money supply. This book, with contributions from leading scholars, describes the evolution, characteristics, and variation of informal finance in China from American and Chinese perspectives. Literature by Jiang Shuxia, Jiang Xuzhao, and Li Jianjun has heretofore been available only in Chinese, while work by Kellee Tsai, Jianwen Liao, Harold Welsch, David Pistrui, and Sara Hsu has been available in English. For the first time, they come together to discuss informal financing and its many aspects. Most of the essays are based upon original survey research conducted locally, as this type of data is not normally collected by the government. The papers pioneer the description and analysis of the nuances of informal finance from several perspectives; the authors look at the social, cultural, political, and economic causes of informal finance, its many variations, and its economic, personal, and political ramifications.
    24,95  TL118,80  TL
  • Obama's Bank: Financing a Durable New Deal

    Karton Kapak
    How should the Obama administration lay a solid foundation for growth? As Michael Likosky describes, the Obama Bank can forge partnerships with the private sector to promote a durable twenty-first-century New Deal. The idea is to partner with the private sector to produce public goods such as high-speed rail, clean energy, information technology, drinking water, and other vital infrastructures.
    20,21  TL56,14  TL
  • The Economic Consequences of Rolling Back the Welfare State (Munich Lectures)

    Sert Kapak
    In recent years the welfare state has come under attack from economists, and in many OECD countries there have been calls for spending on the welfare state to be rolled back. Critics argue that the size of transfer programs is responsible for a decline in economic performance and that cuts in spending are a prerequisite for a return to the golden age of full employment and economic growth. A. B. Atkinson takes such criticisms seriously, placing them under empirical and analytical scrutiny.Atkinson brings a welcome sense of balance to the debate. He warns that many currently fashionable policy proposals to roll back the welfare state could have unintended negative side effects, based as they are on an oversimplified view of the workings of the economy and of how welfare arrangements affect economic incentives. He asks whether there are ways in which the welfare state plays a positive role in the modernization of the economy. He develops new models of the labor market and of the growth of the corporate economy, which provide insight into the role and consequences of unemployment insurance, and the implications of moves to private pension funds.Atkinson does not attempt to determine whether or not spending should be cut. Rather, his aim is to clarify the nature of the charges leveled against the welfare state, so that readers can make up their own minds.Copublished with the Center for Economic Studies and the Ifo Institute
    25,86  TL86,18  TL
  • Trade in Goods

    Karton Kapak
    This book analyzes the establishment and operation of international agreements regulating trade in goods, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The book outlines the history of the international trading system from the creation of the first GATT agreement in 1947 to the establishment of the World Trade Organization in 1994. The major substantive provisions of the GATT are then analyzed alongside the other foundational trade agreements of the WTO, clarifying the economic rationale for the current legal framework.Throughout the book it is maintained that the agreements themselves represent 'incomplete contracts', realized through interpretation by the WTO and other judicial bodies. A comprehensive analysis of the case-law is provided, where it is argued that a more rigorous theoretical approach is needed to ensure a greater coherence to the interpretation of the core provisions regulating trade in goods.The book presents an extension and elaboration of the author's views expressed in The General Agreement in Tariffs and Trade: A Commentary (OUP, 2005).
    84,14  TL158,76  TL
  • The Doha Blues: Institutional Crisis and Reform in the WTO

    Sert Kapak
    The collapse of the Doha Round hangs heavily over an already troubled world economy. Some have concluded that this failure is simply the result of a lack of political will and a pre-occupation with issues such as terrorism. But as Kent Jones reveals in The Doha Blues, the World Trade Organization needs serious structural changes, not just political backbone. He shows for instance that the WTO--now with 153 members--has become increasingly unwieldy in terms of concluding trade agreements and he suggests that countries organize around specific platform positions, a strategy that would make the "holy grail" of consensus once again possible. Jones also argues for financial support for poorer countries so that they can participate effectively in negotiations and he contends that the principle of the "single undertaking" (that "there is no agreement until everything is agreed") has become a serious and perhaps crippling constraint, and must be modified. Jones is a leading authority on trade policy and his book illuminates the real stumbling blocks to trade liberalization and highlights the way around them.
    36,68  TL67,93  TL
  • The Anti-Dumping Agreement and Developing Countries: An Introduction

    Sert Kapak
    In the era of globalization, trade policy has become a key development tool and exports expansion a major policy objective. But throughout the global economy, pressures for protectionism are abundant, threatening to reverse developing countries' gains. In this context, anti-dumping has emerged as a critical topic of international debate.This book analyzes the importance of the anti-dumping issue from the perspective of developing countries and discusses their roles and concerns. The author's analysis reveals biases against developing countries and stresses the need for reform of current anti-dumping codes.The book traces the genesis and evolution of the existing anti-dumping agreement and its legal porvisions, discusses various economic and non economic justifications of anti-dumping use, empirically analyzes the macroeconomic factors motivvating developed and developing countries to use anti-dumping rules and examines wide ranging proposals for reform of the WTO antidumping code.The author analyses various plausible approaches for refining the existing provisions and explores the possibility of reform by including a Public Interest Test. She also suggests updating the Special & Differential Treatment instruments to remedy the existing imbalances.
    36,74  TL102,06  TL