Words & Language

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  • Collins English for Exams-Speaking for IELTS + 2 CDs

    Karton Kapak
    If your speaking is preventing you from getting the score you need in IELTS, Collins Speaking for IELTS can help. Don’t let one skill hold you back. Collins Speaking for IELTS has been specially created for learners of English who plan to take the IELTS exam to demonstrate that they have the required ability to communicate effectively in English, either at work or at university. What is IELTS? The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is sat by over 1.4 million candidates around the world every year. It is the most common test used by universities for foreign students to prove their language level. IELTS is also increasingly used for immigration purposes, with Australia, New Zealand and Canada all requiring visa applicants whose first language is not English to submit an IELTS grade. The system tests candidates’ Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking in four separate papers. Usually, students must gain a good mark in all four skills in order to gain entry to the course, job, or country of their choice. For this reason, candidates will often sit the exam numerous times to secure the score that they need. Powered by COBUILD The 4-billion-word Collins corpus is the world’s largest database of the English language. It is updated every month and has been at the heart of Collins COBUILD for over 20 years.
    72,16  TL82,00  TL
  • Analysis to Synthesis: The Development of Complex Verb Morphology in the Dravidian Languages

    Sert Kapak
    Analysis to Synthesis introduces the process of Compound Verb Contraction to analyze the genesis of synthetic verb forms in the Dravidian languages. Contraction provides an explanation for their development from analytic forms by creating a paradigm of historical evolution that utilizes the formal and functional attributes of both the earlier and later forms. Triggered by a variety of different factors, Contraction guides the evolution of complex verb forms by using markedness relations to correlate their morphological, syntactic, and lexical dimensions. An original work in comparative Dravidian linguistics,Analysis to Synthesis provides etymologies for fifteen conjugations which have hitherto resisted explanation. All fifteen show the same general development, allowing us to extract a common historical pattern and clarify the reconstruction of Proto-Dravidian typology. Thanks to Contraction, the verb morphology and syntax of the protolanguage, as well as its lexical structure, are shown to exhibit a relatively analytic structure. Because it correlates general dimensions of linguistic structure, Contraction may readily be applied to languages beyond the Dravidian family. Detailed and closely argued, this study provides a model for the analysis of similar forms in other languages and language families.
    11,91  TL170,10  TL
  • Do You Make These Mistakes in English?: The Story of Sherwin Cody's Famous Language School

    Sert Kapak
    In the early 1900s, the language of America was becoming colloquial English-the language of the businessman, manager, and professional. Since college and high school education were far from universal, many people turned to correspondence education-that era's distance learning-to learn the art of speaking and writing. By the 1920s and 1930s, thousands of Americans were sending coupons from newspapers and magazines to order Sherwin Cody's 100% Self-correcting Course in the English Language, a patented mail-order course in English that was taken by over 150,000 people.Cody's ubiquitous signature advertisement, which ran for over forty years, promised a scientifically-tested invention that improved speaking and writing in just 15 minutes a day. Cody's ad explained that people are judged by their English, and he offered self-improvement and self-confidence through the mail.In this book, linguist Edwin Battistella tells the story of Sherwin Cody and his famous English course, situating both the man and the course in early twentieth century cultural history. The author shows how Cody became a businessman-a writer, grammatical entrepreneur, and mass-marketer whose ads proclaimed "Good Money in Good English" and asked "Is Good English Worth 25 Cents to You?" His course, perhaps the most widely-advertised English education program in history, provides a unique window onto popular views of language and culture and their connection to American notions of success and failure. But Battistella shows Sherwin Cody was also part of a larger shift in attitudes. Using Cody's course as a reference point, he also looks at the self-improvement ethic reflected in such courses and products as the Harvard Classics, The Book of Etiquette, the Book-of-the-Month Club, the U.S. School of Music, and the Charles Atlas and Dale Carnegie courses to illustrate how culture became popular and how self-reliance evolved into self-improvement.
    36,68  TL67,92  TL
  • The Syntax of (In)dependence (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)

    Sert Kapak
    One of the most important discoveries of modern linguistic theory is that abstract structural properties of utterances place subtle restrictions on how we can use a given form or description. For the past thirty years, these restrictions have been explored for possible clues to the exact nature of the structural properties in question. In The Syntax of (In)dependence Ken Safir explores these structural properties and develops a theory of dependent identity interpretations that also leads to new empirical generalizations. These generalizations range across a wide class of empirical phenomena, including the distribution of crossover effects, bound variables in ellipsis, functional answers to questions, resumptive pronoun constructions, (anti-) reconstruction effects, and proxy readings.Safir approaches these interpretive issues from the perspective that the structural properties of all natural languages reflect an innate linguistic capacity, as embodied in Universal Grammar (UG). This monograph explores the way a particular syntactic restriction imposed by UG limits the range of dependent identity interpretations that a sentence can have and hence the range of possible entailments it can have on the basis of these anaphoric interpretations. Although certain of these interpretations may be favored by manipulating a discourse, the work focuses on interpretive restrictions that cannot be repaired by discourse accommodation. More specifically, Safir's main proposal is dependent identity interpretations are restricted by a c-command prohibition and not by a c-command licensing condition-- that c-command does not license dependencies but plays a role in ruling them out. Although cross-linguisitic discussion in the main text is very limited, Safir adds an appendix on scrambling and reconstruction that focuses on scrambling in Hindi.
    52,03  TL140,62  TL
  • Phrase Structure Composition and Syntactic Dependencies

    Karton Kapak
    In Phrase Structure Composition and Syntactic Dependencies, Robert Frank explores an approach to syntactic theory that weds the Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG) formalism with the minimalist framework. TAG has been extensively studied both for its mathematical properties and for its usefulness in computational linguistics applications. Frank shows that incorporating TAG's formally restrictive operations for structure building considerably simplifies the model of grammatical competence, particularly in the components concerned with syntactic movement and locality. The empirical advantages of the resulting model, illustrated with extensive case studies of subject-raising constructions and wh-questions, point toward a conception of grammar that is sharply limited in its computational power.
    36,47  TL54,43  TL
  • Action Meets Word: How Children Learn Verbs

    Karton Kapak
    Although there has been a surge in our understanding of children's vocabulary growth, theories of word learning lack a primary focus on verbs and adjectives. Researchers throughout the world recognize how our understanding of language acquisition can be at best partial if we cannot comprehend how verbs are learned. This volume represents a proliferation of research on the frontier of early verb learning, enhancing our understanding of the building blocks of language and considering new ways to assess key aspects of language growth.
    26,54  TL102,06  TL
  • Language: The Cultural Tool

    Language: The Cultural Tool

    Sert Kapak
    A bold and provocative study that presents language not as an innate component of the brain—as most linguists do—but as an essential tool unique to each culture worldwide. For years, the prevailing opinion among academics has been that language is embedded in our genes, existing as an innate and instinctual part of us. But linguist Daniel Everett argues that, like other tools, language was invented by humans and can be reinvented or lost. He shows how the evolution of different language forms—that is, different grammar—reflects how language is influenced by human societies and experiences, and how it expresses their great variety. For example, the Amazonian Pirahã put words together in ways that violate our long-held under-standing of how language works, and Pirahã grammar expresses complex ideas very differently than English grammar does. Drawing on the Wari’ language of Brazil, Everett explains that speakers of all languages, in constructing their stories, omit things that all members of the culture understand. In addition, Everett discusses how some cultures can get by without words for numbers or counting, without verbs for “to say” or “to give,” illustrating how the very nature of what’s important in a language is culturally determined. Combining anthropology, primatology, computer science, philosophy, linguistics, psychology, and his own pioneering—and adventurous—research with the Amazonian Pirahã, and using insights from many different languages and cultures, Everett gives us an unprecedented elucidation of this society-defined nature of language. In doing so, he also gives us a new understanding of how we think and who we are.
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  • Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar

    Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar

    Karton Kapak
    Designed to accompany the widely acclaimed Collins Easy Learning Spanish Dictionary, Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar offers beginners a clear and easy-to-understand guide to the verbs and grammar of Spanish. Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar has been designed for all those learning Spanish at school, at work or at home. It provides easily accessible information in an attractively presented layout. Key grammatical points are highlighted throughout as a means of reinforcement. In addition, a full glossary gives clear explanations of grammatical terminology. Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar also provides beginners with all the regular verb forms and conjugations, and the most common tenses of irregular verbs are shown in full. An index contains over 2,800 verbs which are cross-referred to their conjugation model. Collins Easy Learning Spanish Grammar explains the essential points of Spanish grammar using simple language throughout. Hundreds of examples of real Spanish illustrate clearly the grammatical points being made. Clear, colour layout ensures that you find the information you need quickly and easily.
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  • Collins English for Exams - Listening for IELTS + 2 CDs

    Collins English for Exams - Listening for IELTS + 2 CDs

    Karton Kapak
    If your listening is preventing you from getting the score you need in IELTS, Collins Listening for IELTS can help. Don't let one skill hold you back. Collins Listening for IELTS has been specially created for learners of English who plan to take the IELTS exam to demonstrate that they have the required ability to communicate effectively in English, either at work or at university. It is ideal for learners with band score 5 - 5.5 who are aiming for band score 6 or higher on the IELTS test (CEF level B1 and above). What is IELTS? The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is sat by over 1.4 million candidates around the world every year. It is the most common test used by universities for foreign students to prove their language level. IELTS is also increasingly used for immigration purposes, with Australia, New Zealand and Canada all requiring visa applicants whose first language is not English to submit an IELTS grade. The system tests candidates' Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking in four separate papers. Usually, students must gain a good mark in all four skills in order to gain entry to the course, job, or country of their choice. For this reason, candidates will often sit the exam numerous times to secure the score that they need. Powered by COBUILD The 4-billion-word Collins corpus is the world's largest database of the English language. It is updated every month and has been at the heart of Collins COBUILD for over 20 years.
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  • Collins Cobuild Key Words for IELTS

    Collins Cobuild Key Words for IELTS

    Karton Kapak
    The Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS series is a brand-new range of three graded books which contain the essential vocabulary students need to succeed in the IELTS exam. These books have been specially created for foreign learners of English who plan to take the IELTS exam to demonstrate that they have the required ability to communicate effectively in English, either at work or at university. Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS: Book 2 Improver is the second book in the series, and builds on the vocabulary from Book 1: Starter, taking students to the next level in their preparations for the IELTS exam. It contains the more difficult vocabulary that may appear in the exam, and that students may need to master to achieve the scores required by most universities and employers. These vocabulary books are unique in that the vocabulary items are organized alphabetically, in a dictionary style, and words are clearly labelled according to topic. Hundreds of vocabulary-building features, synonyms, phrases and collocations help students to enrich their vocabulary and increase their accuracy and fluency. Key terms from the Academic Word List are also covered. To help students consolidate what they have learnt, the title also includes a thematic word list section, organized according to topics that frequently appear in the IELTS exams. Vocabulary items are explained using simple language and are presented in a clear and easy-to-use format, which makes the Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS: Book 2 Improver ideal for students who are preparing for IELTS. Students can feel confident that the Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS series will fully prepare them for the exam and help them achieve the score they are aiming for.
    Temin Edilemiyor
  • Collins Cobuild Key Words for IELTS

    Collins Cobuild Key Words for IELTS

    Karton Kapak
    The Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS series is a brand-new range of three graded books which contain the essential vocabulary students need to succeed in the IELTS exam. These books have been specially created for foreign learners of English who plan to take the IELTS exam to demonstrate that they have the required ability to communicate effectively in English, either at work or at university. Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS: Book 3 Advanced is the final book, and builds on Key Words for IELTS: Book 2 Improver to deliver the essential vocabulary students need to succeed in the IELTS exam. Book 3 Advanced covers the harder vocabulary that may appear in the exam, and that students may need to master to achieve the scores required by the top universities and employers. These vocabulary books are unique in that the vocabulary items are organized alphabetically, in a dictionary style, and words are clearly labelled according to topic. Hundreds of vocabulary-building features, synonyms, phrases and collocations help students to enrich their vocabulary and increase their accuracy and fluency. Key words from the Academic Word List are also covered. To help students consolidate what they have learnt, the title also includes a thematic vword list section, organized according to topics that frequently appear in the IELTS exams. Vocabulary items are explained using simple language and are presented in a clear and easy-to-use format, which makes the Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS series ideal for students who are preparing for IELTS. Students can feel confident that the Collins COBUILD Key Words for IELTS series will fully prepare them for the exam and help them achieve the score they are aiming for.
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  • Collins Hotel and Hospitality English with 2 CDs

    Collins Hotel and Hospitality English with 2 CDs

    Karton Kapak
    This unique self-study course is for elementary-level adults who need English for the hospitality industry, such as workers in hotels and restaurants. Ideal for front-line staff who need to communicate confidently in English to maintain good customer relations. 24 compact units cover a wide range of practical scenarios, such as meeting and greeting guests, taking orders at breakfast and at the bar, handling guest complaints and dealing with guest requests. 4-page unit includes an easy-to-follow photo story that deals with the topic of the unit and introduces key functional language. The pocket-sized course book also contains vocabulary lists for quick reference, practical examples of typical emails, an answer key and a pronunciation guide to further aid the self-study learner. The audio CD provides valuable listening practice to accompany each unit.
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