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  • Easy as Pi: The Countless Ways We Use Numbers Every Day

    Sert Kapak
    Have you ever wondered what makes "seventh heaven" and "cloud nine" so blissful and the number 13 so unlucky? Here's the "4-1-1" on the origins of numerical expressions and the importance of numbers in fiction, film, culture, and religion, including: How 007 became James Bond's number Imaginary numbers and how they exist How the binary system manages to say so much with only two numbers That bedding has nothing to do with being "three sheets to the wind" The burning literary question: Why did Ray Bradbury name his novel Fahrenheit 451? Which block of Social Security numbers will never be assigned to anyone With Easy as Pi, you'll soon impress your friends with your knowledge of numbers--even if you're math averse. Make this and all of the Blackboard Books(tm) a permanent fixture on your shelf, and you'll have instant access to a breadth of knowledge. Whether you need homework help or want to win that trivia game, this series is the trusted source for fun facts.
    29,50  TL33,91  TL
  • The End of Discovery: Are We Approaching the Boundaries of the Knowable?

    Sert Kapak
    Many scientists make extravagant claims as to the scope and power of scientific thinking, claiming that ultimately it will provide a complete understanding of everything. But Russell Stannard, himself an eminent high-energy physicist, strongly disagrees with this grandiose claim. Indeed, in The End of Discovery, Stannard argues that eventually--perhaps in a few decades, perhaps in a few centuries--fundamental science will reach the limit of what it can explain. On that day, the scientific age, like the stone age and the iron age before it, will come to an end. To highlight the boundaries of scientific understanding, Stannard takes readers on an engaging tour of some of the deepest questions facing science today--questions to do with consciousness, free will, the nature of space, time, and matter, the existence of extraterrestrial life, and much more. For instance, from his own research field, he points out that to understand the subatomic world, scientists depend of particle accelerators, but to understand the very smallest units of nature, it has been calculated that we would need an accelerator the size of a galaxy. Clearly, unless a new approach comes along, we might never understand fully the most basic building blocks of the universe. As a scientist, Stannard remains hopeful that several of the questions addressed will one day be answered. But other puzzles will remain for all time--and we may never even realize it when we have hit an insuperable barrier in those directions. He assures us that there will always be new uses of scientific knowledge. Technology will continue. But fundamental science itself--the making of fresh discoveries as to how the world works--must ultimately grind to a halt.
    20,94  TL56,59  TL
  • Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron: Biology, Physics, and Change in Science (Inside Technology)

    Sert Kapak
    After World War II, particle physics became a dominant research discipline in American academia. At many universities, alumni of the Manhattan Project and of Los Alamos were granted resources to start (or strengthen) programs of high-energy physics built around the promise of a new and more powerful particle accelerator, the synchrotron. The synchrotron was also a source of very intense X-rays, useful for research in solid states physics and in biology. As synchrotron X-ray science grew, the experimental practice of protein crystallography (used to determine the atomic structures of proteins and viruses), garnered funding, prestige, and acclaim. In Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron, Park Doing examines the change in scientific practice at a synchrotron laboratory as biology rose to dominance over physics. He draws on his own observations and experiences at the Cornell University synchrotron, and considers the implications of that change for the status of scientific claims. Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron is one of the few recent works in the sociology of science that engages specific scientific and technical claims through participant observation--recorded evocatively and engagingly--to address issues in the philosophy of science. Doing argues that bureaucratic change in science is neither "top-down" nor "bottom-up" but rather performed in and realized through recursively related forums of technical assertion and resistance. He considers the relationship of this change to the content of science, and the implications of this relationship for the project of laboratory studies begun in the late 1970s.
    26,04  TL63,50  TL
  • Quantum Computing Without Magic: Devices (Scientific and Engineering Computation)

    Karton Kapak
    This text offers an introduction to quantum computing, with a special emphasis on basic quantum physics, experiment, and quantum devices. Unlike many other texts, which tend to emphasize algorithms, Quantum Computing without Magic explains the requisite quantum physics in some depth, and then explains the devices themselves. It is a book for readers who, having already encountered quantum algorithms, may ask, "Yes, I can see how the algebra does the trick, but how can we actually do it?" By explaining the details in the context of the topics covered, this book strips the subject of the "magic" with which it is so often cloaked. Quantum Computing without Magic covers the essential probability calculus; the qubit, its physics, manipulation and measurement, and how it can be implemented using superconducting electronics; quaternions and density operator formalism; unitary formalism and its application to Berry phase manipulation; the biqubit, the mysteries of entanglement, nonlocality, separability, biqubit classification, and the Schroedinger's Cat paradox; the controlled-NOT gate, its applications and implementations; and classical analogs of quantum devices and quantum processes. Quantum Computing without Magic can be used as a complementary text for physics and electronic engineering undergraduates studying quantum computing and basic quantum mechanics, or as an introduction and guide for electronic engineers, mathematicians, computer scientists, or scholars in these fields who are interested in quantum computing and how it might fit into their research programs.
    42,34  TL75,60  TL
  • Visions of Discovery: New Light on Physics, Cosmology, and Consciousness

    Sert Kapak
    World-leading researchers, including Nobel Laureates and rising young stars, examine some of the most important and fundamental questions at the forefronts of modern science, philosophy, and theology, taking into account recent discoveries from a range of fields. This fascinating book is ideal for anyone seeking answers to deep questions about the universe and human life. The remarkable career of Charles H. Townes, inventor of the maser and laser for which he shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics, has spanned seven decades. His interests have ranged from the origin of the Universe to the structure of molecules, always focusing on the nature of human life. Honoring his work, this book explores the most basic questions of science, philosophy, and the nature of existence: How did the Universe begin? Why do the fundamental constants of nature have the values they do? What is human consciousness, and do we have free will?
    49,25  TL205,20  TL
  • Catholic Physics: Jesuit Natural Philosophy In Early Modern Germany

    With their dozens of universities and colleges, the Jesuits held a monopoly over higher education in Catholic Germany in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Using rich yet previously untapped sources, Marcus Hellyer traces the development of science instruction at these institutions over a period stretching from the Counter-Reformation to the height of the Enlightenment. He argues that the Scientific Revolution was not an all-or-nothing affair; Jesuit professors enthusiastically adopted particular elements, such as experimental natural philosophy, while doggedly rejecting others, such as mechanical theories of matter. Hellyer’s examination of the Jesuit colleges over a span of two centuries, from the late sixteenth century to 1773, demonstrates that digesting the New Science was a lengthy process. Jesuit colleges were still actively confronting, rejecting, or absorbing crucial components of the Scientific Revolution when the Society was suppressed in 1773. Catholic Physics also explores the fascinating interaction between Jesuit natural philosophy and theology, which, though marked by constant tension, was also quite fruitful. For example, this study reveals that censorship of natural philosophy by the Jesuit hierarchy in Rome was a negotiated process in which Jesuit professors accepted the necessity of censorship, yet constantly sought to circumvent regulations imposed on them by teaching controversial topics such as Copernican cosmology. After the Galileo affair, Jesuit physics professors made sure they declared that heliocentrism was wrong, but they also taught their students the advantages it held over the rival cosmology sanctioned by the Catholic Church. By investigating the neglected yet influential Jesuit colleges of early modern Germany, Hellyer brings new sources and insight to the field of history of science. His pioneering book will be welcomed not only by historians but by those engaged in the important and ongoing debate between science and religion. "This well-written and thoroughly researched work, the only recent one of its kind in English, provides a sympathetic but judicious account of the institutions and activities of Jesuit natural philosophers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Catholic Physics contains a great deal of useful information on Jesuit teaching and doctrine, much of which contradicts the more or less conventional wisdom on these matters. Any historian of natural philosophy working in this period will take from it fruitful lessons on the diversity of the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge." —Dennis Des Chene, Washington University "Marcus Hellyer has done a truly extraordinary amount of careful and reliable research. This book is historical scholarship in its best sense." —Richard Blackwell, St. Louis University
    29,75  TL119,00  TL
  • Simplexity: Why Simple Things Become Complex (and How Complex Things Can Be Made Simple)

    Sert Kapak
    Why are the instruction manuals for cell phones incomprehensible? Why is a truck driver's job as hard as a CEO's? How can 10 percent of every medical dollar cure 90 percent of the world's disease? Why do bad teams win so many games? Complexity, as any scientist will tell you, is a slippery idea. Things that seem complicated can be astoundingly simple; things that seem simple can be dizzyingly complex. A houseplant may be more intricate than a manufacturing plant. A colony of garden ants may be more complicated than a community of people. A sentence may be richer than a book, a couplet more complicated than a song. These and other paradoxes are driving a whole new science--simplexity--that is redefining how we look at the world and using that new view to improve our lives in fields as diverse as economics, biology, cosmology, chemistry, psychology, politics, child development, the arts, and more. Seen through the lens of this surprising new science, the world becomes a delicate place filled with predictable patterns--patterns we often fail to see as we're time and again fooled by our instincts, by our fear, by the size of things, and even by their beauty. In Simplexity, Time senior writer Jeffrey Kluger shows how a drinking straw can save thousands of lives; how a million cars can be on the streets but just a few hundred of them can lead to gridlock; how investors behave like atoms; how arithmetic governs abstract art and physics drives jazz; why swatting a TV indeed makes it work better. As simplexity moves from the research lab into popular consciousness it will challenge our models for modern living. Jeffrey Kluger adeptly translates newly evolving theory into a delightful theory of everything that will have you rethinking the rules of business, family, art--your world.
    49,60  TL62,00  TL
  • Whistler and Alfvén Mode Cyclotron Masers in Space (Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series)

    The subject of wave-particle interactions occurring in space plasmas has developed strongly, both observationally and theoretically, since the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts of charged particles trapped in the Earth's magnetosphere over forty years ago. These wave-particle interactions are recognized today as being a most important research topic in space plasma physics. This is the first book to provide a full and systematic description of the physical theory of whistler and Alfvén cyclotron masers acting in planetary magnetospheres, and in the Sun's outer atmosphere. It addresses current research topics by examining significant problems in the subject. It gives sufficient detail on the topic that readers use to apply the methods presented to new problems, helping them with their own research. This book is a valuable reference for researchers and graduate students working in space science, solar-terrestrial physics, plasma physics, and planetary sciences.
    45,76  TL416,00  TL
  • Manchmal gewinnt der Bessere: Die Physik des Fußballspiels

    Karton Kapak
    »So ist Fußball. Manchmal gewinnt der Bessere.« Was Lukas Podolski nach der WM-Niederlage einst zerknirscht bekannte, beweist der Dortmunder Physikprofessor Metin Tolan: Fußball ist der ungerechteste Sport der Welt! Würden sich auf dem grünen Rasen nämlich je elf Physiker begegnen, wäre Schluss mit falschen Abseitsentscheidungen und schlecht positionierter Abwehr. Denn die Physik kann, was Günter Netzer und Co. nur versuchen: Fußball erklären.
    31,00  TL93,93  TL
  • The Theoretical Practices of Physics: Philosophical Essays

    Karton Kapak
    R.I.G Hughes presents a series of eight philosophical essays on the theoretical practices of physics. The first two essays examine these practices as they appear in physicists' treatises (e.g. Newton's Principia and Opticks) and journal articles (by Einstein, Bohm and Pines, Aharonov and Bohm). By treating these publications as texts, Hughes casts the philosopher of science in the role of critic. This premise guides the following six essays which deal with various concerns of philosophy and physics such as laws, disunities, models and representation, computer simulation, explanation, and the discourse of physics.
    83,82  TL95,25  TL
  • Einstein in Context (Science in Context)

    Karton Kapak
    This special issue of Science in Context examines the whole area of scientific enquiry surrounding Einstein with controversies and debates presented in their contexts.
    78,74  TL140,62  TL
  • Particle Physics in the New Millennium (Proceedings of the 8th Adriatic Meeting)

    Sert Kapak
    Contains the extended lectures of the 8th Adriatic meeting which is traditionally devoted to the presentation of lectures on the advanced scientific topics to young scientists, who actively participate, on an international level, in the development of their respective fields. This work accompanies CD-ROM that contains 27 additional contributions., The traditional purpose of the Adriatic Meeting is to present most advanced scienti?c research conducted by the lecturers who take part in the development of their ?elds and, in addition, to provide a school-like atmosphere for young scientists. Dubrovnik, as a geographical centre of this region of Europe, provided a most adequate location for this conference. Having very agreeable surroundings, the conference site nevertheless gave a focus for very strong scienti?c interaction. The subjects chosen for the 8th meeting, in September 2001, were gauge theories, particle phenomenology, string theories and cosmology. We were able to bring together a very good cross section of outstanding scientists who gave extraorinarily good presentations. Certainely one reason for this success is that most of us feel obliged to help the scienti?c life in South East Europe return to its former level. However, there are very exciting new scienti?c developments as well. Part of the meeting was dominated by neutrino physics which has just seen exciting progress by establishing neutrino masses experimentally. This was d- cussed within neutrino masses and grand uni?ed theories (GUTs). General - pects of neutrino physics and CP violation, neutrino mixing and the bayron asymmetry were presented along the same lines. On the theoretical side the idea of the construction of gauge theories on non-commutative spaces and their phenomenological implications is accepted worldwide within the particle physics community., Neutrino Physics, Cosmology.- Models of Neutrino Masses and Mixing.- Dark Matter in the Galaxy.- Neutrino Masses in GUTs and Baryon Asymmetry.- Neutrinos in the New Century.- The Intriguing Distribution of Dark Matter in Galaxies.- Particle Physics Phenomenology.- Some Aspects of B Decays.- The Flavour and CP Problems in SUSY.- Family Replicated Fit of All Quark and Lepton Masses and Mixings.- Nonleptonic Two Body B Decays and CP Violation.- States of Strongly Interacting Matter.- Ghost-Free APT Analysis of Perturbative QCD Observables.- Perturbative Logarithms and Power Corrections in QCD Hadronic Functions..- Bounds on tan ? in the MSSM from Top Quark Production at TeV Energies.- Experimental Particle Physics.- Diffractive Physics in the Near Future.- Observation of Direct CP Violation in Kaon Decays.- The CMS Experiment and Physics at the LHC.- The ATLAS Detector and Physics Potential.- Flavour Oscillation and CP Violation: Experimental Results on B Mesons.- Noncommutative Field Theories.- A Short Review of Noncommutative Field Theory.- Regularization and Renormalization of Quantum Field Theories on Noncommutative Spaces.- Physical Instances of Noncommuting Coordinates.- Particle Physics on Noncommutative Space-Time.- Gauge Theories on Noncommutative Spaces.- Diverse Topics in Theoretical Physics.- QCD2 with Massless Quarks in Terms of Currents.- Physics of the Monopoles in QCD.- Some Recent Results of Electromagnetic Nucleon Form Factors Measurements Using Transfer of Polarization.- Some Recent Results of Electromagnetic Nucleon Form Factors Measurements Using Transfer of Polarization.- Dyons in Nonabelian Born-Infeld Theory.- Dyons in Nonabelian Born-Infeld Theory.- One-Loop Finite Relations in the Standard Model.- One-Loop Finite Relations in the Standard Model.- Gravitational Wave Bursts from Brane World Neutrino Oscillations During Supernova Collapse.- Gravitational Wave Bursts from Brane World Neutrino Oscillations During Supernova Collapse.- Towards Adelic Noncommutative Quantum Mechanics.- Towards Adelic Noncommutative Quantum Mechanics.- Three Loop Leading Top Mass Contributions to the ? Parameter.- Three Loop Leading Top Mass Contributions to the ? Parameter.- ?S = 2 Decays of B - Meson.- ?S = 2 Decays of B - Meson.- Charmonium Hadro-Production at HERA-B.- Charmonium Hadro-Production at HERA-B.- Finite Chern-Simons Matrix Model - Algebraic Approach.- Finite Chern-Simons Matrix Model - Algebraic Approach.- Expectations for Charged Higgs in CMS.- Expectations for Charged Higgs in CMS.- Heavy Ion Physics in CMS.- Heavy Ion Physics in CMS.- Tracking in a High Rate Environment.- Tracking in a High Rate Environment.- Resonances from Strongly-Interacting Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector at Future e + e - Colliders.- Resonances from Strongly-Interacting Electroweak Symmetry Breaking Sector at Future e + e - Colliders.- Predictions for Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering on a Spin-One Target.- Predictions for Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering on a Spin-One Target.- H ? ?? Studies in CMS.- H ? ?? Studies in CMS.- Self-gravitating Bosons at Finite Temperature.- Self-gravitating Bosons at Finite Temperature.- BLM Scale for the Pion Transition Form Factor.- BLM Scale for the Pion Transition Form Factor.- Radiatively Induced Conversions of Massive Neutrinos.- Radiatively Induced Conversions of Massive Neutrinos.- Pion and Vacuum Properties in the Nonlocal NJL Model.- Pion and Vacuum Properties in the Nonlocal NJL Model.- Black Hole Entropy from Horizon CFT in Gauss-Bonnet Gravity.- Black Hole Entropy from Horizon CFT in Gauss-Bonnet Gravity.- An Overview of the Sources for Electroweak Baryogenesis.- An Overview of the Sources for Electroweak Baryogenesis.- Quantum Corrections for BTZ Black Hole via 2D Reduced Model.- Quantum Corrections for BTZ Black Hole via 2D Reduced Model.- Squarks and Gluino Searches with CMS at LHC.- Squarks and Gluino Searches with CMS at LHC.- Target Mass Effects and the Jost-Lehmann-Dyson Representation for Structure Functions.- Target Mass Effects and the Jost-Lehmann-Dyson Representation for Structure Functions.- Family Replicated Calculation of Baryogenesis.- Family Replicated Calculation of Baryogenesis.- Measurement of sin(2?) with BaBar.- Measurement of sin(2?) with BaBar.- Rare Decay D 0 ???*.- Rare Decay D 0 ???*.
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  • Broken Symmetry

    Sert Kapak
    This text contains selected papers of the particle theorist, Professor Nambu. It comprises about 40 papers which made fundamental contributions to our understanding of particle physics., This text contains selected papers of the particle theorist, Professor Nambu. It comprises about 40 papers which made fundamental contributions to our understanding of particle physics during the last few decades. The unpublished lecture note on string theory (1969) and the first paper on spontaneous symmetry breaking (1961) are retyped and included. The book also contains a memoir of Professor Nambu on his research career., A note on the Eigenvalue problems in crystal statistics; the use of the proper time in quantum electrodynamics; possible existence of a heavy neutral meson; parametric representation of General Green's functions; dispersion relations for form factors; axial vector currents conservation in weak interactions; a "superconductor" model for elementary particles and its consequences; a dynamical model of elementary particles based on analogy with superconductivity I (with G. Jona-Lasino); chirality conservation with soft pion production (with D. Lurie); infinite multiplets; s-matrix in semiclassical approximation; quark model and the factorization of Veneziano amplitude; duality and hadrodynamics; generalized Hamiltonian dynamics; strings, vortices and gauge fields; the BCS mechanisms, quasi-supersymmetry and the Fermion mass matrix. (Part contents).
    28,56  TL285,60  TL
  • The Nick of Time: Politics, Evolution, and the Untimely

    The Nick of Time: Politics, Evolution, and the Untimely

    Sert Kapak
    In this pathbreaking philosophical work, Elizabeth Grosz points the way toward a theory of becoming to replace the prevailing ontologies of being in social, political, and biological discourse. Arguing that theories of temporality have significant and underappreciated relevance to the social dimensions of science and the political dimensions of struggle, Grosz engages key theoretical concerns related to the reality of time. She explores the effect of time on the organization of matter and on the emergence and development of biological life. Considering how the relentless forward movement of time might be conceived in political and social terms, she begins to formulate a model of time that incorporates the future and its capacity to supersede and transform the past and present.Grosz develops her argument by juxtaposing the work of three major figures in Western thought: Charles Darwin, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Henri Bergson. She reveals that in theorizing time as an active, positive phenomenon with its own characteristics and specific effects, each of these thinkers had a profound effect on contemporary understandings of the body in relation to time. She shows how their allied concepts of life, evolution, and becoming are manifest in the work of Gilles Deleuze and Luce Irigaray. Throughout The Nick of Time, Grosz emphasizes the political and cultural imperative to fundamentally rethink time: the more clearly we understand our temporal location as beings straddling the past and the future without the security of a stable and abiding present, the more transformation becomes conceivable.
    Temin Edilemiyor
  • Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

    Cosmic Anger: Abdus Salam - The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

    Karton Kapak
    This book presents a biography of Abdus Salam, the first Muslim to win a Nobel Prize for Science (Physics 1979), who was nevertheless excommunicated and branded as a heretic in his own country. His achievements are often overlooked, even besmirched. Realizing that the whole world had to be his stage, he pioneered the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, a vital focus of Third World science which remains as his monument. A staunch Muslim, he was ashamed of the decline of science in the heritage of Islam, and struggled doggedly to restore it to its former glory. Undermined by his excommunication, these valiant efforts were doomed.
    Temin Edilemiyor
  • Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

    Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

    Karton Kapak
    In Decoding Reality, Vlatko Vedral offers a mind-stretching look at the deepest questions about the universe--where everything comes from, why things are as they are, what everything is.The most fundamental definition of reality is not matter or energy, he writes, but information--and it is the processing of information that lies at the root of all physical, biological, economic, and social phenomena. This view allows Vedral to address a host of seemingly unrelated questions: Why does DNA bind like it does? What is the ideal diet for longevity? How do you make your first million dollars? We can unify all through the understanding that everything consists of bits of information, he writes, though that raises the question of where these bits come from. To find the answer, he takes us on a guided tour through the bizarre realm of quantum physics. At this sub-sub-subatomic level, we find such things as the interaction of separated quantum particles--what Einstein called "spooky action at a distance." In fact, Vedral notes, recent evidence suggests that quantum weirdness, once thought to be limited to the tiniest scale, may actually reach into the macro world and make teleportation a real possibility. It is in quantum physics, he writes, that we really can find the answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe, and everything. Vlatko Vedral is one of the key researchers in quantum science. In this book, he offers a mind-bending account of this leading-edge field
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