THE SECOND ISSUE OF NAZARIYAT, JOURNAL FOR THE HISTORY OF ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY AND SCIENCES IS OUT
Nazariyat, a refereed international journal issued twice a year in Turkish and English in Istanbul, is presented to researchers with the second issue following the first one in October 2014. Nazariyat publishes original studies, critical editions of classical texts and book reviews on Islamic philosophy, kalâm, theoretical aspects of Sufism and the history of sciences. Its goal is to contribute to the discovery, examination and reinterpretation of theoretical traditions in the history of Islamic thought, with giving special attention to the post-classical period.
This issue includes three articles on the history of Islamic philosophy and sciences, and an evaluation, critical edition and translation of an unpublished text belonging to Sayyid Sharīf Jurjānī.
The first article written by M. Cüneyt Kaya is titled “A New Source for al-‘Āmirī Studies: al-Majālis al-sab‘ bayna al-Shaykh wa al-‘Āmirī”. Kaya first describes in a general way the structural aspects of al-Majālis which includes seven sessions and fourty-one questions with their answers. He examines the historical and geographical possibility of the philosophical debate between al-‘Āmirī and Ibn Sīnā outlined in al-Majālis. He also compares the philosophical approach presented in the first three sessions of al-Majālis on the levels of being with al-‘Āmirī’s extant works.
Ömer Mahir Alper, in his article titled “Intellecting the Intellected: An Examination on the Interpretation of “the Second Intelligibles” in Islamic Tradition of Logic and its Reception during the Ottoman Period”, examines “the second intelligibles” (al-ma‘qūlāt al-thāniya/al-ma‘qūlāt al-thawānī), a concept that is related to various philosophical disciplines. Stating that the examination of the concept started with al-Fārābī, Alper surveys the interpretations on the second intelligibles until Jurjānī. and also the moments of change as well as stages of development in this process. In addition, he investigates how the subject is received and treated by the Ottoman philosophers and logicians in an analytical and comparative way by looking at the super-commentaries by Burhān al-dīn Bulgarī, Kul Ahmed (Ahmed b. Muhammed b. Khidr), Sadr al-dīn-zāda Mehmed Emin Shirwānī and Kara Khalil b. Hasan al-Tirawī on Molla Fanārī’s famous book on logic titled al-Fawā’id al-Fanāriyya.
The third article of the journal written by Atilla Bir, Şinasi Acar and Mustafa Kaçar is titled “A Mathematical Analysis of the Theory of Horizontal Sundials in the Ottoman Period: The Case of Risālah of Ruhāma”. This so-far unstudied text, titled Risālah of Ruhāma, shows practical ways to draw horizontal sundials, called as ruhāma, during the Ottoman period. The authors of the article make a mathematical analysis of the mentioned text. A facsimile edition of the text is attached as appendices at the end of the article.
Examining an unpublished book of Sayyid Sharīf al-Jurjānī, Mehmed Özturan, in the journal’s last article titled “On Sayyid Sharīf al-Jurjānī’s Risāla fī taqsīm al-‘ilm: Analysis and Critical Edition,” argues that the text is about the division of knowledge as conception and assent , and that logicians discuss ideas in the framework of approaches related to this division. In the evaluation section, Özturan first refers to the background of the discussion and then, in the context of the contingency of learning, examines the fact that the issue is the first in\ the chain of premises proposed to explain the objective and methods of logic in logic books. Besides, Özturan summarizes references and perspectives of the existing approaches mentioned in the treatise. Based on the critiques of al-Jurjānī, he investigates his position and arguments in these discussions.
The second section of Nazariyāt is composed of book reviews. In this issue İbrahim Halil Üçer reviews İslâm Düşüncesinde Süreklilik ve Değişim: Seyyid Şerif Cürcânî Örneği [Continuity and Change in Islamic Thought: The Case of Sayyid Sharīf al-Jurjānī] edited by M. Cüneyt Kaya; Samet Büyükada reviews Khaled El- Rouayheb’s Relational Syllogism and the History of Arabic Logic, 900-1900; Rahim Acar reviews The Judeo-Christian-Islamic Heritage: Philosophical & Theological Perspectives edited by Richard C. Taylor ve Irfan A. Omar; Hatice Toksöz reviews Felsefe, Tıp ve Tarih: Tabakât Literatürü Üzerine Bir İnceleme [Philosophy, Medicine and History: A Study on Biographical Dictionaries in Arabic Literature] edited by Mustakim Arıcı; Cüneyd Kaya reviews Dimitri Gutas’s Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition: Introduction to Reading Avicenna’s Philosophical Works; Mustakim Arıcı reviews Miri Shefer-Mossensohn’s Ottoman Medicine: Healing and Medical Institutions 1500-1700 and lastly Abdullah Yıldırım reviews Şükran Fazlıoğlu’s Dil Bilimlerinin Sınıflandırılması, (el-Metalib el-ilahiyye fi mevzuat el-ulum el-luğaviyye) Eleştirel Metin, Çeviri ve İnceleme [The Classification of Linguistic Sciences: Molla Lutfī’s al-Matālib al-ilāhiyya fī mawdū‘āt al-ulūm al-lughawiyya, Critical text and study].
Nazariyāt, which started with the idea that theory (nazar) is an appeal to the source of knowledge, invites researchers studying Islamic philosophy, theology, theoretical Sufism and the history of sciences to participate in this “appeal” with their original works!
- A New Source for Al-‘Amirı Studies: al-Majalis al-sab‘ bayna al-Shaykh wa al-‘Amirı, M. Cüneyt Kaya
- Intellecting the Intellected: An Examination on the Interpretation of “the Second Intelligibles” in Islamic Tradition of Logic and its Reception during the Ottoman Period, Ömer Mahir Alper
- A Mathematical Analysis of the Theory of Horizontal Sundials in the Ottoman Period: The Case of Risalah of Ruhama, Atilla Bir, Şinasi Acar, Mustafa Kaçar
- On Sayyid Sharıf al-Jurjanı’s Risala fı taqsım al-‘ilm: Analysis and Critical Edition, Mehmet Özturan
- Continuity and Change in Islamic Thought: The Case of Sayyid Sharīf al-Jurjānī, İbrahim Halil Üçer
- Relational Syllogism and the History of Arabic Logic, 900-1900, Samet Büyükada
- The Judeo-Christian-Islamic Heritage: Philosophical & Theological Perspectives, Rahim Acar
- Philosophy, Medicine and History: A Study on Biographical Dictionaries in Arabic Literature, Hatice Toksöz
- Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition: Introduction to Reading Avicenna’s Philosophical Works, M. Cüneyt Kaya
- Ottoman Medicine: Healing and Medical Institutions 1500-1700, Mustakim Arıcı
- The Classification of Linguistic Sciences: Molla Lutfī’s al-Matālib al-ilāhiyya fī mawdū‘āt al-ulūm al-lughawiyya, Critical text and study, Abdullah Yıldırım