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Pariah Politics breaks new ground in examining the issue of western Islamist extremism from the perspective of government. It links underlying causes to the capacity of governments to respond directly and to influence others., Pariah Politics breaks new ground in examining the issue of western Islamist extremism from the perspective of government. It links underlying causes to the capacity of governments to respond directly and to influence others. The book contains four main messages. Focusing on causes, not symptoms. The book identifies four big causal drivers: settled disadvantage, social isolation, grievance and oppositional cultures, and the volatile dynamics of global Islam. Governments can hope to influence the first two, using existing and innovative policy levers. The scope to make big changes in the latter two is severely limited. The circle of tacit support. Action by government to counter terrorism has relied too heavily on security policy measures to intercept or disrupt men of violence. This emphasis is misplaced. Though important, this fails to address the moral oxygen for violence and confrontation that exists within Muslim communities. Better focus and better levers. Ministers and officials need to think and act smart. They need to push ahead with social inclusion policies to broaden opportunity. They need to make more use of community-based strategies to isolate extremism. They need to promote civil society actions so that affected communities can take control of their own reputational future. And, they desperately need to avoid making things worse. Reputations matter. The pariah status of western Muslims has worsened by the fallout from terrorism. Few have anything good to say about western Muslims; still fewer can imagine an optimistic future. Yet earlier demonised groups, such as Jews or Asian refugees, have overcome significant hurdles, moving from pariahs to paragons. A credible willingness to tackle extremism is the most important first step to a reputational turnaround., 1. Introduction ; 2. Demographic and factual overview ; 3. Thinking about religious identity, politics and public policy ; 4. Integration and identity politics ; 5. Grievance politics ; 6. Extremism and reputational politics ; 7. Strategic responses ; 8. Concluding thoughts and future prospects, Saggar's opinions and advice is clearly presented and persuasive...a valuable contribution. Maria Sobolewska, Parliamentary Affairs This is a very learned and important book...based on many years of deep reflection and political engagement - the author has worked at think tanks on a variety of policy issues, and was a senior policy adviser in the No. 10 Strategy Unit during the Blair administration...Pariah Politics contains a wealth of data and insights that cannot be done justice in a short review Scott M. Thomas, International Affairs, Shamit Saggar is currently Professor of Political Science at the University of Sussex; Visiting Professor of Public Policy at the University of Toronto; Non-executive Chairman of the Legal Complaints Service of the Law Society of England & Wales; Senior Associate at Demos; and Senior Fellow of the 21st Century Trust. He has held international visiting appointments at Yale University, UCLA, NYU, Notre Dame University, Oxford University, ANU, and University of Western Australia . He has also worked with several UK think-tanks including IPPR, Demos, the Royal Society for the Arts, the Hansard Society, the Foreign Policy Centre, the Fabian Society, and the Citizenship Foundation.