Value and Context (The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge)

Value and Context (The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge)

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Alan Thomas articulates and defends the view that human beings do possess moral and political knowledge but it is historically and culturally contextual knowledge in ways that, say, mathematical or chemical knowledge is not. He makes wide-ranging use of contemporary work in epistemology, moral philosophy, and political theory., Alan Thomas presents an original study of the status of value and its relation to the contexts in which evaluative claims are justified. He articulates and defends the view that human beings do possess moral and political knowledge, but that it is historically and culturally contextual knowledge in ways that, say, mathematical or chemical knowledge is not. His exposition of a 'cognitivist contextualism' in ethics and politics builds upon contemporary work in epistemology, moral philosophy, and political theory to fashion an argument that is relevant to current debates about culture, modernity, and relativism., Introduction ; PART ONE: MORAL KNOWLEDGE AND MORAL REASONS ; 1. The Problem of Moral Knowledge ; 2. The Case for Cognitivism ; 3. Values, Norms and the Practical ; 4. Internal Reasons and Contractualist Impartiality ; PART TWO: NORM-EXPRESSIVISM AND NON-OBJECTIVISM ; 5. A Critique of Expressivism ; 6. Non-Objectivism and Internal Realism ; PART THREE: CONTEXTUALIST MORAL JUSTIFICATION ; 7. Epistemological Contextualism ; 8. A Contextual Model of Moral Justification ; 9. Tradition Based Moral Enquiry ; 10. Moral Belief and the Possibility of Error ; PART FOUR: CONTEXTUALISM IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY ; 11. Political Liberalism and Contextualism ; 12. Political Liberalism and Civic Republicanism ; Conclusion, Review from previous edition Alan Thomas has constructed an impressive in depth defence of moral cognitivism...This is a book that deserves many readers... Thomas may well have put together the best possible arguments for the cognitivism that he defends. Alasdair MacIntyre, Journal of Moral Philosophy Thomas' Value and Context is an impressively ambitious and wide-ranging volume...Thomas engages with a remarkable range of issues...there are several very interesting, insightful discussions in the book...most readers will find much of interest in the development and defence of Thomas' interrelated positions. Jason Kawall, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, Alan Thomas is Senior Lecturer and Head of Philosophy at the University of Kent.

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